Hydroelectric

 

Hydropower currently generates about 7% of electricity used in the United States. Kentucky currently generates about 4% of electricity used in Kentucky through hydropower. Current producers include Kentucky Dam, Barkley Dam, Laurel River Dam, Wolf Creek Dam, Mother Ann Lee Hydroelectric Station, Dix Dam and Ohio Falls Generation Station. American Electric Power has two facilities in Canneltoni and Smithland, Ky.

The Smithland facility is the largest, and one of the newest, coming fully online in 2017. The plant produces 76mw and is planned to interconnect with the MISO transmission market. It is located 62 miles from the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers.

Kentucky has significant untapped potential to generate electricity from water flowing over existing dams. There are 33 dams either in the state or on the Ohio River, built for reasons such as flood control, water supply or navigation that don't presently have hydroelectric facilities, according the the Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet. 

 Adding turbines and generators to be turned by water flowing through those "non-powered" dams could quadruple Kentucky's annual hydroelectric production, Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers estimated in a 2012 study. 

https://www.ornl.gov

 

Reports and Resources

 

Energy Information Administration. "Hydroelectric Generation Statistics by state" (2009):  www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/solar.renewables/page/hydroelec/hydroelec.html.  

 

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. "National Hydroelectric sites in pre-permit stage" (2008): Click here to access.

 

Louisville Gas & Electric / EON Green Power program: www.eon-us.com/green/default.asp.

 

Mother Ann Lee low impact hydroelectric station: www.kyhydropower.com.

 

U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratory and Technology Center of Idaho. Potential Hydroelectric Capacity in Kentucky compiled into and Excel spreadsheet. Click here to access.

 

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